Wednesday, 13 August 2014

Couching at the Door

by D.K. Broster
(1942)

Liverpool-born Dorothy Kathleen Broster (1877-1950) is perhaps best known for her ‘Jacobite Trilogy’ of historical novels, The Flight of the Heron (1925), The Gleam in the North (1927) and The Dark Mile (1929). Much like Ediths Wharton and Nesbit though (more famous for works such as The Age of Innocence [1920] and The Railway Children [1905], respectively), Broster also turned her hand to writing fiction of a much darker nature, producing the bizarre collection of tales gathered together in Couching at the Door. Obscure, atmospheric, elegantly penned and seriously odd, this batch of little chillers ranges from ghost stories boasting undeniably supernatural intrusions upon vulnerable characters, to subtle, Shirley Jackson-esque studies of obsession and fraying mindsets.

Suffusing her stories with the everyday and the mundane makes them all the more effective, and at times Broster approaches what can only be described as ‘kitchen-sink Gothic.’ Her protagonists are usually artists, or spinsters with an appreciation for fine art. Time and again she reveals her characters to have fallen on hard times, whether this be financially or through ill health. This renders them more vulnerable to experiencing the supernatural, or, as the case is certainly hinted at more than once, to believe they are experiencing something supernatural because of the psychological strain they are under. Sometimes the horror is so suggestive and grounded in the psychologies of Broster’s protagonists, it eludes classification, or indeed, explanation.

One of the weirder tales is the title story, which concerns Augustine Marchant, a writer of decadent and macabre literature which calls to mind works by M. P. Shiel and Arthur Machen, who is plagued by a black-furred serpent after he dabbles in mysterious and debauched activities in a house in Prague. The title is derived from an obscure passage in Genesis within which Marchant believes he has found an answer to his plight… “And if thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? And if thou doest not well, sin coucheth (lies, waits, crouches) at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.” When Marchant discovers how he can be free of this pest, he loses any sympathy the reader may have had for him… The sheer oddness of this story is enhanced by moments of flesh-crawling creepiness: “Wide awake in an instant, with an unspeakable anguish of premonition tearing through him, he felt, next moment, a light thud on the coverlet about the level of his knees. Something had arrived on the bed…”

The tales feature little to no violence, but when things do turn bloody, as they do in Clairvoyance, they are all the more effective because of Broster’s subtle approach. Clairvoyance tells of several well-to-do friends who gather for a séance tea-party one sunny afternoon. When a particularly sensitive member of the party becomes possessed by a former occupant of the house, the presence of an antique samurai sword in the drawing room where the séance is taking place, should leave you in no doubt as to the bloody fate of all involved… The Window, which is at times similarly gruesome, tells of a soldier who breaks into the long abandoned home of a woman he is obsessed with, in order to paint the view from the window. He becomes trapped and witnesses spectral bloodshed when the upper sash of the large window drops down on his arms. Broster works themes of destiny and sinister genealogical elements into the mix, with haunting results.

The Taste of Pomegranates is a highly unusual reworking of the myth of Persephone, featuring ‘growling, bloody-muzzled monsters’ that could be bears or troglodytes, menacing two archaeology-obsessed sisters trapped in a secluded cave. Here Broster taps into primitive fears such as the dark, or of being eaten alive, to weave a taut tale, moments of which evoke memories of The Descent, with their claustrophobic tension and subterranean terrors menacing untypical female characters.

Obsession is the main theme of The Promised Land and The Pavement – which has vague shades of the work of Arthur Machen, with its telling of an exhumed Roman villa, complete with highly curious mosaics depicting bucolic scenes and haunted maidens, and the effect they have on the elderly woman whose property they're discovered upon. The Promised Land, with its pitiful protagonist who is harassed into insanity and murder by an overbearing cousin while holidaying in Italy, recalls the obsessive and repressed female characters that walk (alone) throughout the chilling tales of Shirley Jackson. The denouement of this story is downright shocking in its simplicity.

Guilt and obsession also fuel the haunting in Juggernaut, a story that also demonstrates Broster's ability to have a little fun. The protagonist is a kindly, elderly spinster who writes macabre fiction under a pseudonym “fearing that if the vicar or some member of the Mother’s Union came upon her real name displayed upon the cover of 'The Murder Swamp', he or she might be scandalised.” Humour is also derived from her perpetual despair at the incompetency of her editor, who keeps making errors in the serialisation of her latest chiller, The Death Stairs – “the scoundrel has turned ‘the dreadful bond which linked them’ into ‘the dreadful bone which licked them.’” She may be mild-mannered, but her love of the morbid and her "chronicling of deeds of terror had never affected her appetite, nor did the ‘Things’ which in her stories walked behind her heroes on lonely moors, or waited, gorilla-like, to strangle her heroines in underground passages, ever sit beside her bed or deprive her of a single night’s rest.” She’s a strong-willed and practical character, whose encounter with a seaside haunting (which calls to mind the work of MR James) is rendered all the more creepy because of her refusal to believe it is caused by anything other than guilt and obsession. Which it might be; Broster once again wraps things up with a healthy dose of ambiguity. The way she hints at the contents of the bath-chair is highly engrossing and quietly chilling. While the ending is clearly signposted, it is no less shocking because of Broster’s matter of fact and blunt execution.

One of the most peculiar and gripping stories is The Abyss. Here, Broster really mines lore and then-popular reports of doppelgangers, to eerie effect. The dark and light aspects of a single personality appear to be separated and take physical form after a horrific car crash. One of the passengers, Daphne, is “miraculously thrown clear” as the car plunges over a ravine. So where is she? When a young woman shows up claiming to be Daphne, why are there still reported sightings of her wandering along lonely roads? Is this a ghost? By suggesting that the self is not always housed within the body or the mind, and that it can sometimes detach itself and wander off as another being or entity, Broster explores some rather haunting notions and conjures truly creepy imagery; the two women waiting on the road by the mountain ravine, for example. Is something diabolical at play? Have the minds of the characters been shattered by grief? Broster offers no comfort.

For those who like their horror ambiguous and without satisfactory resolve, this collection of short stories will really be of interest.

6 comments:

Jeffrey Canino said...

Excellent review. I believe it has inspired me to pluck this one down from its place on my shelf (where it's been sitting for far too long) and add it to the "please promptly read" pile.

James Gracey said...

I just picked it up on a whim Jeffrey, but ended up really enjoying it. Wordsworth Editions is a treasure trove of obscure stuff like this. I'm currently indulging in Hodgson's Carnacki: Ghost Finder series - great stuff!

Jeffrey Canino said...

In absolute agreement about The Wordsworth Tales of Mystery and Imagination series (RIP, sadly). Sharply designed, inexpensive volumes of fiction you'd have an awful hard (and pricey) time finding anywhere else (even in consideration of the face that most of what they've published is in the public domain!).

The Carnacki collection is a fun one for sure, but I may have enjoyed another supernatural sleuth's stories slightly more, if only for their absurdity: those of Aylmer Vance, Ghost Seer (by Alice and Claude Askew, and also collected as a Wordsworth edition). He is quite possibly the world's laziest and most unsuccessful paranormal detective, and his flippancy towards his assorted "spooky" cases makes for a lot of unintentional laughs.

James Gracey said...

Are the Wordsworth Editions no more? Say it isn't so! The first time I came across the series was a couple of years ago in London; a tiny little bookshop in Victoria Station called Pages of Fun. The owner had dedicated a couple of shelves to horror/supernatural titles, and most of the books were from this series. I stocked up with as many would fit into my rucksack! Have picked up more from various places online since and I noticed in my local Waterstones recently, that they’ve started to stock them too, which is great. I reckon, and I’ve no proof, obviously, it’s just a hunch, that Waterstones began stocking them after the success of True Detective – I noticed they had a few copies of Wordworth Edition’s issue of Robert Chamber’s The King in Yellow.

I’m sort of new to the whole supernatural sleuth sub-genre, but am keen to explore more – including Blackwood’s John Silence and Crowley’s Simon Iff tales. Thanks for recommending Aylmer Vance, Ghost Seer. I like the idea of a lazy sleuth. ;)

I’m really enjoying the Carnacki stories. The gentle humour doesn’t detract from the creepier moments – of which there are many! The House Among the Laurels and The Thing Invisible were particularly chilling; I love Hodgson’s use of careful suggestion to illicit fear – doors opening slowly onto dark passageways, feelings of not being alone in a dark room. I came to WH Hodgson through HP Lovecraft and have so far read The House on the Borderland and The Boats of the Glen-Carrig, both of which I adored.

Not sure what your taste in music is like (probably pretty good if your reading choices are anything to go by!) but I recently discovered Jon Brooks has released an album called Music for Thomas Carnacki. It’s typical of Brooks – eerie, atmospheric (think old public safety adverts, BBC Radiophonic Workshop and creepy Folk Horror scores) – and worth checking out. http://cafekaput.bandcamp.com/album/music-for-thomas-carnacki

Jeffrey Canino said...

From what I've read, Wordsworth were disappointed in the overall sales figures for the series, so have tucked it away for now. I don't think they've said outright that the line is cancelled, just that they aren't planning any more volumes at the moment. But considering it's been about a year or more since they've released one, I'd say the future looks bleak.

Alas, they had a good run. And I'm comforted by the fact that I still have many to collect.

And I thoroughly enjoyed the Jon Brooks Carnacki album! It's a wonderfully eerie collection of music, and it will be the perfect soundtrack to my day's reading of the supernatural. Thanks for the recommendation!

James Gracey said...

Ah, glad you liked it Jeffrey! I treated myself to few Belbury Poly albums yesterday - similar sort of sound and lots of references to weird fiction (Blackwood, James, Machen and Onions).

I too have many more titles to pick up from the Wordsworth series - recent acquirements include Howard's The Right Hand of Doom, Richard Marsh’s The Beetle, and Crowley’s The Drug & other stories. Good times!